Cuban Ancestry Data

Hello. I am wondering the easiest way to find Cuban ancestry data at the PUMA geographical level for the PUMAs in Indiana and Michigan

There are multiple ways to flag persons with a Cuban identity in IPUMS data. Which one is most appropriate depends on your specific research application. I will share more on a few different options.

IPUMS USA provides data from the American Community Survey (ACS) and U.S. decennial census. The variables ANCESTR1 and ANCESTR2, which are available in samples from 1980 onward, report the respondent’s first and second ancestry responses. Cuban ancestry is code 271. You may also be interested in identifying respondents born in Cuba or whose parent(s) was/were born in Cuba using the variables BPL, MBPL, and FBPL. BPL is available in samples from 1850 onward, while FBPL and MBPL are available in samples from 1880-1970. The variable HISPAN identifies persons of Hispanic/Spanish/Latino origin and classifies them according to their country of origin when possible. Origin is defined by the Census Bureau as ancestry, lineage, heritage, nationality group, or country of birth. Respondents of Cuban origin are identified in HISPAN.

The variable PUMA identifies the Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA) where the housing unit was located. PUMA is available in select samples from 1960, 1990, and 2000, and all samples from 2005 onward. You can use PUMA in conjunction with the ancestry and/or birthplace variables of your choice to analyze data on the population with Cuban ancestry in PUMAs in Indiana and Michigan.

You may also be interested in using IPUMS NHGIS, which provides summary data from the ACS and census aggregated at various geographic levels, including PUMA. While tables that report PUMAs’ populations by ancestry do not allow identification of respondents with Cuban ancestry (they are aggregated in a broader category), there are tables that report populations by birthplace, including Cuba as a birthplace. There are also tables that report populations by specific Hispanic origin, including Cuban. Therefore, you could determine the population or share of each PUMA that identifies as being of Cuban origin, and/or that was born in Cuba.