An IPEW study claims that they used 2012-2014 IPUMS ACS to determine that 46% of employeees over the age of 18 in Duluth MN did not have access to paid sick leave. I would like to know how that was extrapolated, and how the question was posed to survey respondents.
I think neither ACS nor CPS ask anything like that. The closest CPS gets is probably https://cps.ipums.org/cps-action/variables/WHYABSNT#codes_section.
If you provided a better reference for that claim (which is what programmers call “a reproducible example”), we might have been able to assist you a bit better.
Nationwide surveys that are focused on paid leave specifically include:
FMLA survey by Department of Labor: https://www.dol.gov/whd/fmla/survey/ – done every few years, last one was 2012, the next one will be conducted in 2017-2018 (and I am the sampling statistician working on it).
Pew Research Center – a one-off survey, apparently: http://pewrsr.ch/2nVGTs4