MTUS: race/ethnicity for US data?

I am using the MTUS-X files to get comparable estimates across US data (1975, 1998, 2003-2018), rather than using AHTUS-X and ATUS-X.

Is there a variable in MTUS that identifies race or ethnicity – as there is in both the AHTUS-X and ATUS-X surveys? If not, is it possible for me to merge in this information from the AHTUS-X (1975, 1998 samples) and ATUS-X (2003-2018) files?

Thank you!

The US samples available in MTUS, unfortunately, have very limited race/ethnicity information. It seems there are two possible ways to proceed. The first approach is to merge the MTUS data onto the ATUS and AHTUS data. You can match on CASEID in ATUS and PERSID in MTUS, when the data are restricted to respondents only. You can match on IDENT and SAMPLE, which are available in both MTUS and AHTUS. The second approach is to just use the information in the ATUS and AHTUS files, if you do not need any additional information from the MTUS files.

Thank you very much, Jeff, I appreciate it!