I have checked CPS survey in 2023 sep for pwsswgt, pwlgwgt and pwvetwgt. They do not sum to US population size, rather about 10^4 times larger than US population. Similarly for CPS supplement PWNRWGT and PWCMPWGT variables do not sum to US population size as well and they sum to a number about 10^4 times larger than US population size.

Is this an intended effect? Ratios/regressions does not matter. However, if I want to estimate number of unemployed people, it matters significantly. Was there a document specifically indicating that total weight is not calibrated to population size?

The weights you are referring to come from the CPS data from the Census Bureau, and are not IPUMS CPS variables. I see in the Census Bureau’s methodology documentation that “all of these variables have an implied four decimals, though the decimal itself is not included. Hence, each weight must be divided by 10,000 when used.”

I noticed a discrepancy in CPS survey weights (pwsswgt, pwlgwgt, pwvetwgt, PWNRWGT, PWCMPWGT) that don’t sum to the US population. CZ_A mentioned a 10^4 times difference. Is this intended? Any documentation on the weights not being calibrated to population size? Looking for clarification on this issue. Thanks.

I think they intentionally did it. My guess is that it might allow better precision for weighting, though overall weighting scale does not matter for ratio estimation. If you care about a particular total estimate, then it might matter in practice. That is my guess. There are surveys in which total weight is not calibrated to total population, but up to a constant scaling factor. The moderator posted a document link includes the instruction, though the document does not have explanation for the reason behind this.

As Isabel mentioned in her previous post, the weights you are referring to come from the CPS data from the Census Bureau, and are not IPUMS CPS variables. In the Census Bureau’s methodology documentation, it states that “all of these variables have an implied four decimals, though the decimal itself is not included. Hence, each weight must be divided by 10,000 when used.” I am guessing this is the source of the discrepancy you are noticing with these variables.

If you are interested in using IPUMS CPS, here is a crosswalk of the names for the weight variables: