What proceedures would you reccomend for computing standard errors for CPS ASEC data for years prior to 2005?

#1

In regards to the CPS ASEC, for years from 2005 on we have replicate weights. For years prior to 2005, which variables in the IPUMS dataset, if any, represent survey design elements such as strata or clusters, or are indicators of or proxies for such elements, for purposes of doing variance estimates?

I have read this paper:

https://international.ipums.org/international/resources/misc_docs/user_note_variance.pdf

But the discussion is so general that I can not tell which of these methods are actually available given the information which is present in the IPUMS ASEC sample.

For years prior to 2005, is there a standard or preferred method for calculating variance or standard errors for means? For regression coefficients? I am interested in approaches that would generally be considered good professional practice, without being esoteric or merely fussy.

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#2

There are no strata/cluster variables in the CPS public use files because they are censored from the data by the Census Bureau. IPUMS-CPS does not endorse any specific method for generating variance estimates as the “Best Practice,” but recommends that user’s explore current literature on estimating variance in the Current Population Survey. For example, this article describes a procedure for generating synthetic design variables to use in place of the censored variables.
I hope this helps.

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