I have been working on a project using the class of worker variable and I have a couple of questions.
First, using CPS, it appears we are able to identify self-employed individuals who paid an employee using the PAIDEMP1 variable. However, in 2020 and 2021 incorporated self-employed people are not included in this, is there a systematic reason for that? Can we say something about if this self-employed individual employed other people or not based on incorporated/unincorporated status? In any case, what is the reason for incorporated self-employed not getting asked if they paid an employee in 2020 and 2021?
Second, the IPUMS USA discusses this subject a little bit under the definition of the class of worker variable and says “The 1970-2000 censuses, the ACS and the PRCS distinguish between employers and other self-employed persons whose businesses/farms were incorporated and those whose businesses/farms were not.” What should I make out of this? IPUMS USA, as far as I can see, doesn’t inform about the number of employees or if the respondent said they employ people, is this distinction somehow made by incorporated/unincorporated status in ACS and PRCS? If not, is there a way to distinguish self-employed people with and without employees using ACS and PRCS?